South Sea pearls are the most luxurious type of saltwater pearls. They present beautiful colours of white, champagne and gold and their lustre is silky and satiny.
They are cultured in a silver or golden-lipped oyster called ‘Pinctada maxima’. This is a large saltwater oyster, which can produce a pearl that is typically 9 to 15mm in size. The pearls are formed using a piece of mantle tissue and a shell bead to stimulate the production of the pearl and are grown for 2 to 3 years in the oyster.
The oysters require pristine water conditions, so the pearl farms are located in remote coastal regions in Australia, the Philippines and Indonesia. South Sea pearls are used for creating unique and statement pieces of pearl jewellery.